Author Guidelines



(Modified from UI Proceeding Author Guidelines)


The manuscript including the graphic contents and tables should be no longer than 20 pages in single column double-spaced 8 1/2×11-in document pages; font size 12-point Times New Roman or Arial, including tables and figures.  If  it  far  exceeds  the  prescribed  length,  it  is  recommended  to  break  it  into  two separate manuscripts. The title of the article should be brief and informative and it should not exceed 20 words. The keywords are written after the abstract. Confirm that you use A4 paper size. The text of  the  paper  should  be  in  single-column  format and to  avoid  unnecessary  errors  you  are  strongly advised to use the ‘spell-check’ and ‘grammar-check’ functions of your word processor. Article must be written using proper American English.

Abbreviation and Acronym

The  use  of  abbreviations  is  permitted,  but  the  abbreviation  must  be  written  in  full  and complete   when  it  is   mentioned  for  the  first   time  and   it  should be  written  between parentheses.  Terms/foreign words or regional words should be written in italics. Notations should   be   brief   and   clear   and   written   according   to   the   standardized   writing   style. Symbols/signs  should  be  clear  and  distinguishable,  such  as  the use  of  number  1  and  letter  l (also number 0 and letter O).


Tables are written with Times New Roman font size 8.  The  title  of  the  table  is  written  with font  size  9  (boldface)  above  the  table  as  prescribed  in  the  format  given  below  as  example. The table is numbered in Arabic numerals. The table is placed immediately after it is referred to in the text. The frame of the table uses 1 font-size line. If the title in each table column is long and complex, the columns are numbered and the notes are given below the table.

Graphic Contents

Graphic  contents  are  placed  symmetrically  on  the  page  and  there  is  one  blank  single  space line   between   the   graphic   content   and   the   paragraphs.   A   graphic   content   is   placed immediately after it is referred to in the body of the text and is numbered in Arabic numerals. Any graphic contents which have been published must obtain a written permission from that other author and his/her publisher. If  the  graphic  content  is  in  the  form  of  photograph, include  one  original  photograph. The  photograph  is  printed  in  black  and  white  unless  the photograph  will  appear  in  color. The  author  will  be  charged  an  additional  fee  for  color printing of more than 1 page. The font face to be used in the graphic content or graph should be the one generally available in each word processor and operational system such as Symbol and Times New Roman with the font size not less than 9 point.


Headings in the article should be appropriate to the nature of the paper. Headings, or heads, are organizational devices that guide the reader through your paper. The first letter of headings and subheadings are capitalized and headings are numbered in Arabic numerals.

Paper Organization

Title Page

Title of the paper (use style: Paper title)

Author name(s) (use style: Author)

Author  affiliation(s)  and Address(es)  of  the  institution(s)  at  which  the  work  was  performed (use style: Affiliation) E-mail  addresses  of  the  corresponding  author  to  whom  the  revision  or  galley  proofs  of  the paper are to be sent (use style: Email Correspondence).

In the manuscript, use supervisor/advisor email address as the corresponding author.

There are no limitation in number of authors as long as each author make contribution in the writing process.


Articles must include an abstract of 200 words or fewer. The abstract should not repeat the information already present in the title. Write as continuous text organized as background and rationale for the study, main results, and conclusions (structured).


Provide  a  maximum  of  5  keywords  written  in  alphabetical  order.  Please  avoid general  terms,  multiple  concepts  (avoid,  for  example,  and  or  of),  and  abbreviations.  Only abbreviations firmly established in the field are eligible.


Do not include a heading. The Introduction presents the purpose of the studies reported and their relationship to earlier work in the field.

Materials and Methods

Provide sufficient  information  details that  allow  the  work  to  be  reproduced  in  the  future. Only new methods should be described in detail.  Cite previously published procedures in References.

Result and Discussion

Results can be presented in figures, tables, and text. Reserve the extensive discussion of the results for the Discussion section. The Discussion section should be an interpretation of the results rather than a repetition of the Results section.  The Results and Discussion sections may be combined into one section.


Summarize your research, spell out your contribution, state the limitation of your study, and suggest potential areas of further research, or what the researcher has discovered. Collect and  summarize  the  most  important  results  &  their  implications, and the  status  of  the problem should be briefly reviewed before the new findings are presented.


Citation in the paper uses a direct quotation. The direct citation of a certain page is written as super script. If possible, footnotes should be avoided.  The quotation with fewer than 4 lines should be integrated into the text, between the quotation marks; meanwhile, the one with more than 4 lines should be separated from the text with single spacing, 8pt, between quotation marks. References  should  be  numbered  consecutively  in  the  order  in  which  they appear  in  the  text,  and  should  be  kept  to  a  pertinent  minimum.  References should include the beginning and end page numbers.  Identify references in the text, table and figure legends by Arabic numbers.  Abbreviations of journals should conform to those of Index Medicus.  Manuscripts written in languages other than English should be limited.  List all authors when six or fewer; when seven or more, list first six and add et al. Websites cannot be cited in the reference list, but may be cited within the text or in the table as a footnote. The author(s) has(ve) the responsibility for correct citation of the references.

Details of reference writing guidelines can be found at:


Acknowledge personal assistance and providers of special reagents. The preferred spelling of the word “acknowledgment” in America is without an “e” after the “g.” Avoid the stilted expression “one of us (R. B. G.) Thanks …” Instead, try “R. B. G. thanks…” Put sponsor acknowledgments in the unnumbered footnote on the first page.